”Nationalism of liberation and anti-Fascism cannot nor should not be opposite”
July 20, 1944, colonel Von Stauffenberg had tried to kill the Führer. Five people were killed in the attack, Hitler escaped from it and the conspirators were executed. They had tried to topple the “fascist regime” by a Coup d’Etat, failed in Berlin, but succeeded – in vain – in Paris and Vienna.
Since then, “20 July 1944” is the purpose of an ashamed revisionism in the Federal German Republic. After having a time qualified the conspirators of “traitors”, one honours them officially, but by disguising or concealing their anti-liberal and anti-Western ideology. One keeps going confusions on the “Stauffenberg/Tresckow group” and its national-revolutionary ideology.
This group was in the Prussian tradition of state socialism and Russian friendship. The “national-conservative” marshals and generals gave up the putsch on July 20, after having made it fail by starting Walkyrie 3 hours too late in Berlin (the putsch was successful in Vienna and Paris, the SS imprisoned !). The Anglo-Saxons wanted in 1944 the destruction of Germany and proclaimed it. Stalin not !
There were also in the USSR a group of officers and Communists, “Nationalkommittee Freies Deutschland”, founded in 1942, and of which several organizers were close to the Stauffenberg group. Their action of antifascist resistance had as background the “orientation to the East”, typical of the national-Bolshevik and national-revolutionary circles.
The adversaries of Hitler in the body of the officers, followed in September 1943, when the “UNION OF THE GERMAN OFFICERS” was founded. Then, marshal PAULUS, the defeated man of Stalingrad, several generous Generals and officers joined the National Committee.
One found there old adversaries of HITLER, like Ottomar PECH, future general of the NVA, who belonged to the Berliner network of the “RED ORCHESTRA”, directed by the national-Bolsheviks ARNACK and Schulze-Boysen. Or General Otto KORFES, member of the national-revolutionary group of STAUFFENBERG (his brother-in-law was executed for having taken part in the heroic uprising of July 20, 1944).
The propaganda actions of the “National Committee”, with its million leaflets, newspapers and the daily appeals of Radio Moscow “to the German people and the German Wehrmacht”, contributed to the disintegration of the Nazi machine of war.
From the “National Committee” will come out the revival of the KPD in Eastern Germany and, in front of the failure of STALIN’s plans, who is germanophile, one is unaware of it too often, aiming at a democratic, neutral and socialist unified Germany, the birth of GDR.
The SS called the Stauffenberg group “Schwarze Kapelle” for their proximity with “Rotte Kapelle”, the great resistance network of the National-Bolsheviks Schulze-Boysen and Arnack.
The propaganda of the FRG, mentioned in our media liars occults all that. Particularly films and reports broadcasted at the time of this 60th anniversary of “July 20, 1944” by ARD, ZDF or ARTE.
One cannot speak about Stauffenberg without inevitably leading to the “Circle of Kreissau”, from the name of this small village of Silesia where certain numbers of militants from the “CONSERVATIVE REVOLUTION”, of whom the count Helmuth James VON MOLKTE, one of the great names of the Prussian State, and the brothers VON STAUFFENBERG and many others, led an anti-nazi resistance network which prepared and carried out the attack of July 20, 1944 and the abortive anti-hitlerian putsch which followed it. Among the members of the “CIRCLE OF KREISSAU”, great names of anti-Nazi resistance who sacrificed their lives in the fight against hitlerism, such as count YORK VON WARTENBURG, executed on August 8, 1944 or ambassador VON HASSEL.
In the circle of Kreissau, these men from the “conservative Revolution” and close to the national-revolutionary circles, had offered former social democrat leaders, trade unionists, members of the KPD a helping hand.
And besides, the proclamations of the authors of the July 20, 1944 Coup d’Etat do not leave any doubt about their adherence to the “nationalism of liberation” which the national-revolutionary circles proposed.
Let us come to colonel Klaus Von STAUFFENBERG and his brother Berthold, both executed after July 20, 1944. SANDOZ also locates without ambiguity the membership of the count of STAUFFENBERG in the national-revolutionary circles. Speaking about Ernst JÜNGER, the head of the German NR of the 20-30ies, he says that it was a “man also very appreciated by Von STAUFFENBERG”.
SANDOZ speaks in connection with STAUFFENBERG about the ideas about “revolution”, “nation”, and “socialism” as the “incarnation of his hopes” and he adds that “the leader of the conspiracy was, in his manner, a ”revolutionary””. His brother, Berthold, he, will say to the Gestapo : “Put into practice by the regime, the essential ideas of National-socialism were transformed into their opposite. People of modest means who exerted a power without control replaced at the top the predestined heads”.
One understands better why official historiography passed over in silence this aspect of the conspiracy of July 20, 1944.
In West German society, the reserves, even the hostility, to the anti-nazi resistance members seem to endure a long time. In parallel took shape an opposite movement of takeover in the German conservative high society, and in the military circles of Bundeswehr and NATO (where one carries IIIrd Reich Nazi decorations), of which some tend to adapt the heroism of the officers of July 20 to erase the memory of their rallying with Hitler at the time of his coming to power in 1933. It is also a means of minimizing the role of the left-wing resistance, since 1933, the Communist, social democrat and trade unionist militants being the first to get to know the concentration camps, the role of clerics, students as the Munich group of the white Rose or that of isolated individuals. The national-Bolsheviks and the national-revolutionaries – whom Tresckow and Stauffenberg belonged to, purely and simply passed to the trap door of the West German revisionism.
Even today, and even if they do not pass any more for traitors, the merit from the some 200 conspirators of July 20, for the majority executed by the Nazis, does not achieve the unanimity : “can one be proud of these men?” dares still question the STERN magazine !
In the GDR, the treatment of the antinazi Resistance heroes was very different. The will of the GDR, the “socialist nation” (which was also the name of the national-Bolshevik group of PAETEL, decimated by the Nazis for facts of resistance in 1933-34) as the SED defines it, was to base its identity on historical roots. Those are the Lutheran past, the popular traditions of the wars of the peasants of the Middle Ages and the war of liberation of 1812-1813 against NAPOLEON, but also antifascism, true ideological base of the GDR, and, slowly but surely, the past of Prussia, this other ideological State.
What was incontestably more legitimate than the takeover of STAUFFENBERG by the liberal republic of Bonn, whereas the colonel, disciple of the national-revolutionary ideas, vomitted liberalism and was in favour of an agreement with the USSR.
In East Germany, in the old GDR, as we saw, German Resistance on the contrary was exalted for ideological reasons quite as obvious, antifascism being one of the pillars of the national-Communist regime of Berlin.
Whereas one was unaware of and even sometimes that one taxed with treason in the FRG the national-Bolshevik militants of the “Red Orchestra”, those were praised to the skies in East Germany. The same applied to the many resistance fighters of communist origin.
With the disappearance of the GDR, one quasi officially attended an attempt of the German bourgeois regime to make disappear this aspect from Resistance. In East Germany, since the reunification, the monuments, the museums, the memory even of antifascist Resistance were destroyed, cunningly systematically eliminated.
The role of the German National-revolutionaries and National-Bolsheviks, who were as of 1932 the first to resist against Hitlerism and who were the driving force in the most serious and most effective attempts in the fight against the IIIrd Reich, was most of the time passed over in silence. There too the ideological reasons prevail.
The most spectacular aspect of German Resistance under the IIIrd Reich was the durable organization of resistance networks which carried frightening blows to the hitlerian beast. It is symptomatic that one finds at the head of these networks, National-revolutionaries or National-Bolsheviks who sometimes carried out until the end of the war their struggle inside even the military, economic and administrative structures of Nazism. In the foreground of these networks appears the Ernst NIEKISCH’s “WIDERSTAND Organization” between 1933 and 1937, which the Germans call “HARNACK – Schulze-Boysen Organization”, i.e. the German branch of the network known under the name of “Red Orchestra”, the “Treskow-Stauffenberg group” of the conspirators of July 20, 1944, whose action begins, one is unaware of it generally, from 1937, and finally, the most ignored of all, the “HIELSCHER group”, which from 1933 to 1945 undertook a tireless sap against National-socialism inside even of its bodies of management.
German Resistance does not have anything to envy the other European groups of resistance. It does not have demerity, far from it, because its members risked even more than many in other European countries. Whereas “some” would like to be unaware of their sacrifice, we, their ideological heirs, we have the duty to keep their memory vis-a-vis the assassins of the memory ! It is this anti-hitlerian heritage which our Party, the PCN, which today embodies alone legitimately the national-Bolshevik and national-revolutionary heritage and tradition, assumes in its fight against the neo-Nazi and neo-liberal far right, that we call the “blue-brown far right”. Our political current does not have any lesson to receive from anybody. And today, like its predecessors of yesterday, in the fight against the disgusting beast, it is in the first line and most effective.
The German national-Bolsheviks and national-revolutionaries of the Twenties and Thirties paid the price of blood. They fought, they fought for their ideas, their dignity, the freedom and the independence of their Nation, for the socialist values in which they believed and which we share. Their fight is today indissociable of ours.
Whereas all lay down, they refused to abdicate.
They stood up, fought and fell upright and free.
Faced with people on their knees, they embodied alone the honour of their Nation.
We have not forgotten! We have not forgiven ! The fight continues !